Habitat & Range
Uromastyxes are found throughout Africa and the Middle East into parts of Southern Asia. They are extreme thermophyles, meaning they prefer extremely high temperatures (exceeding 120 degrees) and abundant sunlight. They do, however, require a few months of winter to stimulate their environment and regulate natural feeding and social behaviors.
Uromastyxes also go by the name spiny-tailed lizard, which provides an accurate description of their strong, spiked tail. Like many lizards, the uromastyx changes colors based on temperature. In cool temperatures, coloration is a dull shade of brown, while warmer environments result in brighter shades of orange and yellow. Their size ranges from 10 to 36 inches with most measuring around 14 inches.
Uromastyxes are primarily herbivores but will eat small grubs, mealworms, and insects along with their usual diet of vegetables and seeds.
Reproduction & Lifespan
A female uromastyx can lay anywhere from 5 to 40 eggs, depending on age and species. Eggs are laid approximately 30 days following copulation and have an incubation time of 70 to 80 days.
The lifespan of a uromastyx is estimated at 35 years in captivity.
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