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PONY

Scientific Name: Equus caballus
Order
Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

Family
Equidae (Horses, donkeys and zebras)

Habitat & Range
Ponies originated in northern climates such as the British Isles and were gradually introduced all over the world. Their optimal environment is a grassy, well-vegetated meadow or field.

Identification
A pony is a small horse, standing less than 58 inches tall and averaging 500 to 900 pounds. In addition to having a smaller body than a horse, their legs are proportionally shorter. They are remarkably strong for their size and are able to pull loads much greater than their weight.

Diet
Ponies are grazers that primarily feed on hay, grasses and grains.

Reproduction & Lifespan
Mating occurs in late spring. With an 11-month gestation period, foals are born the following spring to ensure adequate food supply. Average lifespan of a pony exceeds 20 years.

Fantastic Fact
It’s a Small World
Although often confused for immature horses, the pony is its own breed. Their small stature developed from full sized horses living on the margins of a livable habitat. The name pony comes from the French word meaning “foal”(a young horse), which is perhaps where the confusion between ponies and foals derived.

 
 
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