Squamata (amphisbaenians, lizards and snakes)
Habitat & Range
Contrary to their name, northern pine snakes are found in the Southern United States. They inhabit pine flat woods, sandy woodlands, prairies, cultivated fields, open brush land and rocky desert.
Northern pine snakes can grow up to 8 feet long. They have small heads and pointed snouts with one specialized large triangular scale on the front of their face between their nostrils. This special scale protects the snake’s face as he burrows headfirst into the soil. They are light colored with brown, black, and white splotches that help them blend in with the light sandy soil and leaf litter in their natural habitat.
Northern pine snakes are carnivores that prey on rats, mice, moles and other small mammals. They have been reported to enter rodent burrows in search of food and press several mice against the walls, resulting in multiple kills.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Mating takes place in the spring, after which the female lays a clutch of 3 to 24 eggs. Eggs are incubated in sandy burrows or under large rocks for 64 to 79 days.
A northern pine snake can live up to 20 years in captivity.
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