Squamata (amphisbaenians, lizards and snakes)
Habitat & Range
Milk snakes have one of the widest geographical distributions of any snake. They can be found east of the Rockies, from Central America to southern Canada. Although they prefer woodland habitats, they can thrive in semi-arid environments, prairies, rocky and mountainous areas, and occasionally marshes and wetlands.
Milk snakes have smooth, shiny scales with alternating bands of red, black and white. Pattern can vary by population, and sometimes displays red blotches interspersed with yellow. Length at full maturity ranges from 20 to 60 inches.
Milk snakes primarily feed on small rodents but occasionally also eat small birds, lizards, eggs and other snakes. Like the kingsnake, they are capable of consuming venomous snakes without being affected by the poison.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Mating takes place in late spring and early summer. The female selects a nest site that is warm and humid and lays her clutch, which contains up to 10 eggs. Incubation is approximately 2 months and eggs typically hatch in late August or September.
Milk snakes are estimated to live 12 years in the wild and 15 to 20 years in captivity.
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Norristown, PA 19401
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