Squamata (amphisbaenians, lizards and snakes)
Habitat & Range
Bearded dragons are native to southeast Australia. Their preferred environment is an arid, rocky, or semi-desert region. They typically inhabit desert scrublands, grasslands and dry woodlands.
Bearded dragons are squat-bodied lizards with moderately long tails and a distinct series of enlarged scales across their throats. They have spiny scales around the throat and head that are arranged in cluster. When frightened or displaying, they will gape and expand the scales on the throat pouch to show off a dark ‘beard.’ Adults measure up to 24 inches long including the tail.
Bearded dragons are omnivorous and generalists. Plant matter makes up about 20% of their diet, while the rest is made up of insects, spiders, other small invertebrates and the occasional small vertebrate.
Reproduction & Lifespan
Mating occurs during the Australian summer, which is September through March. Females dig a burrow and lay up to 24 eggs per clutch and up to 9 clutches per year. Eggs generally hatch after 55 to 75 days of incubation.
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